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Painting & Sculpture: The nineteenth century


The nineteenth century was the period of neoclassical art development (late 18th – middle 19th centuries), and as in other styles, it was influenced by Roman and Greek art, including the renaissance period; Neoclassicism surges against the previous styles, with the aim to return to the purity of the art in Italy.

Italy artists formed two artistic movements around Italy, during the Neoclassicism, they were the Macchiaioli and The Purismo; The Machiaioli started in Tuscany, and takes its name from the word Machie which means “patches” and was used by Italian artists, the small group used to have its talks in the Caffe “Michelangiolo”; painters were known as rebels because they broke the conventions of art, and worked outside those rules. The most famous artists from this style are: Vito D'Ancona, Giovanni Fattori, Silvestro Lega, and others.

Sculpture in 19th century was characterized by the drama and sentimentalism, till the Modern Classicism which emphasized the stylization and psychological effect.


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