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SEPTIEMBRE 28
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Milan Travel Guide

Milan History


If you intend to visit a new place for the first time, it would be great if you can know a bit more about it. To know more about the history of a place will make your visit more interesting. By walking by museums, streets, churches, people witness the exquisite culture and history of Milan city. Here we introduce you to the history of Milan, considering the most crucial periods that tell us that this city was subject of continuous disputes among Romans, Lombards, Spaniards and also Austrians. So we hope to give you comprehensive information on the history of Italy.

The origins of Milan city go back to 400 B.C, when the Gauls settled in this area. Gauls defeated Etruscans, who were in decline by that time. After years, in 222 B.C, the city formed part of the Roman Empire and changed names to Mediolanum. Afterwards, it became a Latin colony due to rebellion attempts and then it was a regional capital.

The city changed names for the second time; it was called “Roma secunda” due to its strategic position, at the gateway of the Italian peninsula. After a long time, 313 A.D. many churches were built, because the Constantine emperor issued an edict about tolerance towards Christianity. It was by this time that the first bishop appeared, being one of most influential and important persons. One of them was Ambrogio.

Once the Roman Empire felt, the Barbarians took control of the city. This control finished in 569 A.D, when the city was conquered by the Lombard. Near the end of the eighth century, due to the influence of the bishops, the emperor Ottone of Saxony was crowned King of Italy.

By the first half of the year 1000, the most powerful political representative in the whole of Northern Italy was the Archbishop of Milan. It was after various political problems that Milan became a municipality (in 1117), and it was progressively free from the Archbishop. The city started to expand, declaring war on other municipalities around the area.

By 1200, the city became a “Seigneury”, and was more important than ever. People started to build new buildings, pave road and the city walls were extended. It was in 1300, when the city had a stage of splendor. This time was important because famous monuments were built such as Duomo in 1386. After years, with the Sforza family in the power, the city had a time of peace. During this time Milan developed art, literature and sciences. In 1535, when Charles V came to the throne, Spaniards took control of the city for almost two centuries. After that, at the beginning of the eighteenth century, the Austrians arrived in Milan and the city experienced a deep change in culture. By this time important places were built such as “The Scala Theater”. Finally, in 1859, the Austrians went out of Milan and the city formed part of the Kingdom of Piedmont, which in time became the Kingdom of Italy in 1861.

Nowadays, it is possible to see monuments and churches that show us the history of one of the most important cities in Italy.



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