Italy travel guide


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Italy Travel Guide

History in Italy

The first important civilisation to have left its vestiges for modern tourists like we was the Etruscans. The Etruscans were a sophisticated people who traded throughout the the Mediterranean from their base in Central Italy. Their carefully constructed, highly decorated cities of the dead can be visited in Tuscany and Lazio.

While the Etruscans were prospering to the north, the Greeks occupied the southern tip of Italy, which became known as Magna Grecia. Impressive Greek temples still stand at the sites of some of their former colonies in Sicily and other parts of the south.

A small kingdom from near the sea in the middle of Italy began increasing in domination, from relatively humble beginnings, ancient Rome took control of most of the known world. Then the Etruscans and the Greeks were displaced.

Rome became a Republic after that an Empire. The extensive evidence of the Roman Empire can be seen through Europe, the Middle East and Africa, but there can be little to compare with the power of seeing the ruins of the Forum in Rome, the heart of all that power, glory and myth.

When Rome disintegrated, and a lot of invaders overran Italy, much of the Empire's infrastructure and constructions were demolished. Some remained, to be incorporated into later kingdoms and palaces. The are we now know as Italy embarked on a period of internal warfare and unrest that lasted almost until the present day. Medieval struggles between Popes, Emperors and Kings were followed by power struggles between families, and the rivalry of city states. Along the way came the Italian Renaissance (Rinascimento), when a combination of powerful patrons and talented artists resulted in some of the world's greatest works of art.

During the 14th and 15th centuries commenced in Italy the European Renaissance period. Literary works such as the poetry of Petrarch, Tasso, and Ariosto and the prose of Boccaccio, Machiavelli, and Castiglione gave a immense and lasting influence on the subsequent development of Western civilization, the painting, sculpture, and architecture contributed by giants such as da Vinci, Raphael, Botticelli, Fra Angelico, and Michelangelo.

Italian composers gave a exceptional musical influence as Monteverdi, Palestrina, and Vivaldi, in the 19th century, Italian romantic opera flourished under composers Gioacchino Rossini, Giuseppe Verdi, and Giacomo Puccini. Contemporary Italian artists, writers, filmmakers, architects, composers, and designers contribute significantly to Western culture.

Italy began to take shape since 19th century, when Napoleon quickly became governor, before the country was divided again by the Congress of Vienna. A nationalist insurgency led by Garibaldi led finally to the creation of a united Italy, and Vittorio Emmanuele II was declared King of Italy. The monarchy lasted until the Second World War, when Mussolini and his Fascist party involved Italy on the side of Germany. After the downfall of Mussolini and the end of the war, Italy was ready for a change, and in 1948 the Republic of Italy was established.

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