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Italy Travel Guide

Explore Italy: Sicily

Sicily is the seventh most important island around Europe and the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea. Palermo is the capital of Sicily and its population is over five million of persons. Sicily is one of the most important touristic centers in Europe. Sicily is located south of Italy and itís surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea. The Etna Volcano is located in this island and itís the highest point in Sicily. The island enjoys a Mediterranean mild climate; it's wet in the winter season and warm in the summer season.

Sicily Island was populated since the prehistory; Phoenicians lived there in the IX century BC, then Greeks colonized this region and founded many important cities like Siracusa and Catania. During the Roman Empire, this city was conquered by Romans. When the Roman Empire fell, many Germanic people lived there. During World War II, Nazis occupied this island in 1943.

Sicily has thousands of kilometers of coastline; it offers the most wonderful marine environment. Monuments of the most important civilization like Greeks, Romans, Arabic, and French can be found there. Culture is an important feature of lifestyle in Sicily. The Opera dei Pupi is a play where knights of Charlemagne are the characters. These puppets are one of the most characteristic traditions in Sicily.

Sicilian people speak Sicilian language as their second mother tongue after Italian; this language was influenced by Germanic and Latin languages. Other cities to mention are Agrigento, Caltanissetta, Catania, Enna, Messina, Palermo, Ragusa, Siracusa and Trapani. Marlasa is characterized by its wine and Cafalu, which is famous for its Cathedral. Catania is located near Volcano Etna so it is a good place to walk around, Siracusa is a National park and itís consider by many as the most complete city in the world. Sicily offers the perfect way to have fun.

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Zafferana Etnea
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