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Italy Travel Guide

Italy Architecture: romanesque


Romanesque Architecture had influences from Byzantine buildings and Roman Architecture, developed from 1000-1200 A.D.; till that time, people was not occupied in construction or arts, because of wars, poverty and famine; but when calm returned, by 1000 A.D. they began to construct and developed the new style across the continent.

Most buildings were built using stone and wood sometimes, they took the round arches and the columns from Roman Architecture, they didnít use many windows in a church, which is why churches were dark inside.

Romanesque buildings such as San Miniato al Monte, Duomo and San Francesco in Italy, were dedicated to ecclesiastical motivations; generally with Latin cross plan, the facades generally symmetrical, with a large central portal with a single central ocular window.

Another feature in Romanesque architecture is the Church Towers which can take many shapes: square (most of them are large), circular or octagonal, free standing like the most famous, the Tower of Pisa.

Romanesque architecture was spread almost around the whole continent due to the use in ecclesiastical buildings.


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